What Should You Know About Italy?

Italy is situated on the Apennine Peninsula in southern Europe. It is amazingly beautiful, like a kicking boot, which allows it to be identified on maps and even from space. The Adriatic Sea surrounds the peninsula to the east, the Sea of Sicily to the south, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, the Ligurian Sea to the southwest, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west; all of these waters are part of the Mediterranean Sea. Italy has even more than 59.6 million people, with Rome serving as the capital and biggest city. The currency used is Euro.


The sea surrounds Italy, and mountains crisscross its interior, dividing it into geographic areas. The Alps cut across the country’s top and are dotted with long, narrow glacial lakes. The rivers of Italy connect to some of the country’s most popular tourist spots. Lakes abound in Italy, particularly in the country’s north. The Apennines mountains run the length of the peninsula from the western end of the Alps. Many of Italy’s tourist spots, including Rome, are located west of the Apennines in wooded hills. The southern coastlands are hot and dry, with fertile lands cultivated by olives, almonds, and figs.


Italy is well-known for its Mediterranean climate, which is mostly located around the shore. Inland weather is normally colder and wetter, although hot during the summer. Southern Italy has a warm and largely dry climate, while the north has an Alpine climate with plenty of snow in the winter. With such a big territory and so many distinct physical features, there are lots of regional variances and even micro-climates to be found. In the north and hilly areas of Italy, winters are chilly and damp. Cold weather from northern Europe may sometimes move south into Italy, bringing snow to most mountains while keeping the coastline warm due to high sea temperatures.


The Italian government is a democratic republic that was formed by a constitution in 1948. It is divided into legislative, executive, and judicial branches and a Head of State or President. Sovereignty resides with the people, and the citizens exercise it in the forms and boundaries prescribed by the Constitution. The Senate of the Republic and the House of Representatives make up the Italian parliament, a bicameral legislature. The Council of Ministers, which the Prime Minister leads, has executive authority. The President is the Head of State. As a result, politics in Italy may be vibrant and boisterous at times. 

Foreign Relations

For a long time, Italy dealt with a fundamental disparity between her goal to be regarded as one of Europe’s great powers and its very small capabilities. As a result, the country’s foreign relations are the external ties of the Italian government with the rest of the world. Nevertheless, Italy has been seen as a key Western power ever since unification in 1861. Its primary allies are NATO nations and EU members, both of which Italy is a founding member. The nation also has a prominent role in former Italian Empire colonies and territories, and it is seen as a crucial actor in the Mediterranean area.


Italy’s industrial sector is diverse, with a prosperous industrial north controlled by private enterprises and a less-developed, heavily subsidized agrarian south with substantial unemployment. The production of high-quality consumer products mostly drives the Italian economy by small and medium-sized businesses, many family-owned. Italy also has a significant subterranean economy, which some believe amounts to up to 17% of GDP. Italy’s economy is the third-largest in the European Union and the thirteenth-largest by GDP. Its closest trading partners are the other European Union nations, with whom it conducts around 59 percent of its overall commerce.

Languages Spoken

Italian is the official language of Italy, and native Italian speakers account for 93% of the population. Around half of the population speaks a regional dialect as their mother language. Friulian is spoken by 600,000 people in northern Italy, accounting for 1% of the total population. Other northern minority languages include Ladin, Slovene, German, and French. Albanian, Croatian, and Greek are spoken by 0.2 percent of the population, mostly in southern Italy. Sardinian is spoken by about 1 million people across the remainder of the island, accounting for 1.7 percent of the Italian population.


The art forms, family, architecture, music, and food are important aspects of Italian culture. Culture on the Italian peninsula has blossomed for centuries, as it was the place of residence of the Roman Empire and a major center of the Renaissance. Within the Italian culture, family is a very important value. Children are raised to stay close to the family upon adult years. Many people consider Italian cuisine to be a sort of art and have inspired culinary culture all around the globe. Wine is also an important aspect of Italian culture, and Italy is home to some of the world’s most prestigious wineries.

Important Facts

  • There is a free wine fountain in Italy. The little village features a free wine fountain that serves locally produced red wine 24 hours a day.
  • For 20 years, the nation was ruled by a tyrant. From 1925 until 1945, Italy was controlled by the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini.
  • Italy has the most volcanoes of any nation in Europe. This high number of volcanoes is mostly owing to the land’s location on a fault line, which causes volcanoes.
  • In 1860, the first contemporary pizza with a tomato foundation was created in Naples’ Campania area. It has since become one of the world’s most popular foods.
  • The last monarch of Italy reigned for just 36 days. From 9 May 1946 until 12 June 1946, King Umberto II governed.
  • Italian is a Romance language that is descended from Latin.
  • Italian cuisine is appreciated and enjoyed all around the globe, and it is credited with introducing many of the basic dishes that we now enjoy. Coffee, ice cream, and fruit pies are all included.
  • Italy has the highest number of UNESCO World Heritage sites around the world.
  • Italy’s lakes are breathtaking, and there are over 1,500 of them spread throughout the nation.


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